Can You Steam More Crops than Just Alfalfa?

By: Logan Staheli

Broken Fence Hay – Panguitch, Utah

Did you know that the Staheli West DewPoint steamers are used for more than just alfalfa? Jerad Wittwer, owner of a large company out of St. George, Utah called Performance Diesel, started to farm on the side in a small mountain town called Panguitch, Utah. What started as a side gig is now a full-fledged farm and ranch called Broken Fence Hay. He produces some of the best grass hay around and is an avid believer in steaming grass hay.

Many believe that the DewPoint steamers only make sense for alfalfa producers, but Jerad is living proof that the steamers can be used for many other different baled crops. He states, “[The steamer] makes alfalfa great, but it makes grass alfalfa greatest.”

Watch this video as Jerad talks about his experience with the steamers and shows you some of the grass hay he’s producing with his machines! Continue reading this blog to learn best practices and what to expect when steaming grass and cereal grain hay.

Steaming Grass Hay

Baling with steam is very effective at improving baling conditions in grass hay. Grass crops can include timothy and other grass and mixed grass/alfalfa forages. Lower steam rates are generally used in grass and mixed grass/alfalfa hay because the large leaf surface area of this hay absorbs steam at a higher rate than other types of hay. Moisture readings on the Gazeeka moisture gauge should be followed, as with any other type of hay.

We highly recommend, when and where possible, that grass hay be fully cured prior to baling with steam. Fully-cured hay allows the operator to apply more steam to the hay while it is baled. This greatly improves bale quality.

Watch this video to learn more about using steam to bale grass hay.

Steaming Cereal Grain Hay

As with alfalfa and grass, applying steam while baling is very effective at improving baling conditions for cereal grain crops that are cut green and cured for baling as forage. These crops can include oat (oaten) hay, wheat hay, mixed grains (made up of triticale, beardless barley, oats, wheat, etc.), and other cereal grain crops.

Again, we do not recommend baling cereal grain hay with stem moisture. Fully-cured hay allows the operator to apply more steam to the hay while it is being baled, which greatly improves bale quality.

Cereal grain hay can be difficult to dry down for several reasons. Some of these include heavy crop yields, inadequate conditioning, or poor windrow formation.  It’s also important to remember that the nodes of cereal grain stalks can still be green and contain substantial moisture, even when the rest of the plant appears dry. Correctly adjusted conditioners will crack the nodes to allow for an even and complete dry-down. In addition, if the heads of the cereal grain crop have not completely emerged from the boot, they will also retain significant amounts of moisture, even when the rest of the plant appears dry. This condition can cause spoilage and risk of stack fires. Be sure all necessary steps are taken to ensure a complete dry-down of your cereal grain hay prior to baling.

Watch this video to learn more about using steam to bale cereal grain hay.

Benefits of Steamed Grass and Cereal Grain Hay

There are many benefits to using steam on grass and cereal grain hay. Some of them include:

  • Decrease crop dust during the baling process and when feeding livestock: Moldy or dusty hay can damage the respiratory systems of horses. Baling with steam will reduce the amount of dust in the hay and will provide the right amount of moisture without making the hay too wet.
  • Improve density, formation, and shape of bales by softening the stems: Steam softens the stems allowing them to collapse and flatten when each flake is pressed inside the baler.  Not only will each bale weigh more, but the bales will be square and look better as well. Steam will also reduce the “springy” characteristics of baled grass and cereal grain hay.
  • Improve how the hay flakes: One of the biggest complaints of grass and cereal grain hay is that it doesn’t flake well. However, steamed grass and cereal grain hay holds together great and flakes very well.
  • Expand the baling window: Steam allows the operator to add moisture with steam to keep bale moisture at acceptable, consistent levels through a variety of conditions. 1 steamer setup can typically replace the output of 2-4 conventional baler setups.
  • Improve processing characteristics: Steamed hay of all kinds is much easier to press than non-steamed hay. Steamed hay leaves far less waste and chaff than conventional hay. Watch Shannon’s story to learn more about pressing steamed hay.


The DewPoint steamers are used in all kinds of baled crops.  Alfalfa is of course our bread and butter when it comes to ROI and leaf loss savings. However, many customers are seeing returns from other crops as well such as grass hay, 3-way hay, oaten hay, etc.  In Australia, the 2nd largest steamer country, the DewPoint machine has been used to bale many different types of crops such as vetch, oaten, clover, and straw hay.  What kind of hay could the steamer DEW for you?

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